The Abib Question?



I was waiting for the dust to settle a little on this years Abib dating controversy.  I have received a lot of information recently concerning this issue.  I will post parts of this running controversy and then I will comment.  The names will be included to some extent.  But, please be advised that I will address these gentlemen by no title.  This is due to the commandment of our Savior Yahshua the Messiah when he said:


"But all their works they do to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, and love the chief place at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called of men, Rabbi. But be you not called Rabbi: for one is your teacher, and all you are brethren. And call no man your father on the earth: for one is your Father, even he who is in heaven." Matthew 23:5-9




Rabbi Edward Levi Nydle/Levi bar Ido

B’nai Avraham


Unfortunately, recently there has been a   movement within the Nazarenes opposing the Oral Torah of the Yehudim. Many Nazarenes, smug in their arrogance are in reality showing their ignorance in rejecting the traditions of the avot (fathers) and hindering the Restoration of all Yisrael. Some are even ignorantly rejecting the traditional b’rachot as “too rabbinical” because they claim the talmidim of Yahshua are set apart by Yahshua and the Ruach Hakodesh   not the mitzvot. They misunderstand the metonymy: the commandments stand for Him Who commands, Yahshua the Living Torah, and the mitzvot set us apart, since they were given at Shavuot symbolize or express the Ruach Hakodesh.

The new “religiously correct” flavor of the month is to reject what they call “Rabbinical Judaism”. This is a misleading term. There has never been one Judaism, but rather many sects, multiplicity of views, and halakah within the Torah faith. Rabbinic Judaism is not a monolithic term and is inaccurate. The Torah of our Abba Avraham was practiced differently from the Torah of Mosheh, which differed from the Torah of the First Temple (10th Century BCE), and the Torah of Ezra.

According to historical accounts there was no “professional rabbinate” during the time of Yahshua. The term “Rabbi” comes form the root meaning “great” and in Babylon the rabbis were called Rav. One was called a “rabbi” by having the title conferred upon them by their teacher by semikhah or “the laying on of hands”. Even during the Talmudic times rabbis received no salaries and were not employed by the synagogues. They were men of great learning (hence a rabbi) but had professions in which they made their livelihood.

They did, however, give public teachings on Shabbat on the issues of Torah and ethics. Other times, they debated among themselves (as we see in the Brit Chadasha) in houses of study, on the complex legal aspects of the Torah. Of course the common people would turn to these learned men to try to understand what Elohim meant in the Torah.

The Nazarenes are no longer interested in provoking Yehudah to jealousy by their Torah observance. Instead they are thumbing their noses at the rabbis and the Yehudim.

·         What advantage then has the Yahudi? Or, what profit is there in brit-milah?  Much in every way: primarily, because they were the first to be entrusted with the oracles of YHWH and the first to believe in His word. Romans 3:1-2

·         Boast not against the cultivated branches. But if you boast, you better remember that you do not bear the Root, but the Root bears you. Romans 11:18


Instead, while claiming to reject tradition, they are creating an Oral Tradition of their own that cannot be recognized as Torah to Yehudah. Torah, by its very nature requires tradition for its observance since instruction are not given in the Torah of how to observe certain mitzvot. People make the mistake of thinking that the answer to everything is crystal clear as found in the Scriptures. This is simply not true.


Is the “Aviv Barley” a Determining Factor Today?

Rabbi Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky

***Author’s Note -The reason many Karaites and Messianics are getting angry and short with me, sadly even on an ugly and personal level, is because their newly acquired beliefs are being challenged, for the first time since the Jerusalem based Kairites began to make inroads into Nazarene Yisraelite and Messianic thinking about 8 years ago. The Karaites have begun making major inroads (mostly among Ephraimites) into the minds of believers seeking truth, with the Karaite sponsored annual barley hunt. Add to this several well-known ministers who have recently converted to Karaite type faith. These leaders range from those who deny Yahshua, the Renewed Covenant and virgin birth, to those who believe in Yahshua, but have ministry/fellowship relationships with unbelieving Karaites. Several Karaites are former believers who now no longer trust Yahshua. The history of Karaiteism is shocking and can be researched in other venues. On their own website you’ll see links and articles from the anti- missionaries themselves. http://www.light-of-israel.org/ against any faith in Yahshua and His blood!

Why are the Karaites carrying anti-missionary links? Are these the folks you really want to receive teachings from? Yet, we must not allow the calendar debate to divide friendships, as this hotly debated issue goes back 3,000 years and has in the past caused giant schisms in Yisrael, even as it does today. But to ignore it for me as a Rabbi would also be the sin of omission of the presentation of truth. I present this material as a former follower of Kairite reckoning until 3 years ago, who has seen the error in their thinking, as a MAJOR stumblingblock to unity between both houses of Yisrael!


The article by Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky is very long.  I have included the introduction and the controversial points by him and Edward Nydle.  They are members of the same organization. 


It now seems there is a running controversy between his organization and the Karaite movement.  Edward Nydle introduces his article with this thought in mind.  Edward goes on to reveal the Judas characteristics (betrayers) of the Karaite people during WW2.  Edward Nydle states the following:

Karaite Kraziness

(from the preceding article entitled)


Rabbi Edward Levi Nydle/Levi bar Ido

B’nai Avraham

Many have turned to the Karaites because of their anti-Rabbinate stand and rejection of tradition. However, their own literature explains that they have created oral traditions of their own.

· “Though opposition to Oral Law was the very reason for the existence of Karaism, the sect developed in due time a respectable body of halakhic law of its own. Its roots should be looked for in the local customs of Persia and the East, termed “Edah[7]”.These were laws which, though unwritten, derived their sanction from the weight of common observance. But in due time the importance of Edah waned, and more sophisticated written laws took its place… Karaism had thus come full circle and was basing its Law increasingly on Oral Tradition, but without admitting it. Even knowledge of the Talmud was no longer frowned upon( but this applied only to its halakhic and not its Aggadah part).Aaron ben Yosef claimed already in the 4th century that most of the Mishneh and Talmud are the pronouncement of our Karaite fathers…The same need for additional interpretation of the Written Law, to answer the everyday needs of a society very different from the one that had developed the laws of Scripture, was felt increasingly also by the Karaites, and brought about the creation of a respectable body of Oral Law of their own…Anan’s rulings comprise a compendium of oral law, just as do the rulings of the Talmud. ..It might thus be difficult to find a religious sect the traditions, customs, and dogma of which have undergone more radical changes during its history than Karaism…Karaite customs and practices were often more strict than similar ones among the Rabbinates (such as dietary laws, niddah, nd Shabbat).Karaite Encyclopedia, psg.25,66,122,124,223

History proves that the anti-Rabbinate Karaites have established their own books of Oral Law, despite their claims to the opposite.
Another major factor in rejecting Karaism is their anti-Jewish actions in Europe during the Holocaust. Can we choose to follow a sect of Judaism that refused to be identified with the “Jews” during the Holocaust? Not only did they deny their heritage as Jews, but they served as Nazi lap-dogs in Poland, France, and Austria.

· The Polish Karaite Hakham, Seraja Chan Szapszal, met with the German authorities and convinced them of their non-Jewish background. September 1st an order was issued by the Generalkommissar of Lithuania, confirming their non-Jewish status. After the conquest of the Crimea by the Germans in the autumn of 1941, they decided to exempt the Karaites living there from the fate of the Jews…In Vilna a special confrontation was arranged between Kalmanovich and Szapzal. As a result the Karaites were recognized as a separate ethnic minority and a communiqué was issued accordingly June 13th 1943, by the Ostministerium…The lives of most of the Karaites of occupied Europe were thus saved and they did not become victims of the Holocaust…Some 500-600 of the male Crimean Karaites were recruited into the Wehrmacht, the Waffen SS, and the Tartar Legion…In Lutsk local Karaites acted as liaison between the Germans and the Lutsk Judenrat. A survivor of the local ghetto has testified to their anti-Jewish activity: they would enter the ghetto, extort big sums of money form the Judenrat and beat up women and children. Worse, they also helped the Germans and Ukrainians in the liquidation of the Lutsk ghetto in August 1942.The Karaites played also an unedifying role in the Vilna ghetto, as reported by one of the Jewish survivors…In Vichy France it was decided by the Commissariat General aux Question Juives, that the 270 Karaites living there should be regarded and treated as Jews. However, under German pressure, this decision was retracted in January 1943.When the German armies had to withdraw from Russia, many of the Karaites, who had cooperated with them preferred to follow them west. In May 1944 more than 1,000 Karaites from the Crimea were reported to have taken refuge in Vienna. The Karaite Encyclopedia pgs.137-138




I must tell you that Edward Nydle is correct in his research and allegations.  The Karaites are a deceitful group of people.  They are hypocrites of the highest order.  Nevertheless, they are of no concern to us here at Truth On The Net Dot Com.  Their pernicious ways cannot be followed by any clear thinking individual.  Also their Abib observations and dating are sporadic at best.  They have been found in error on several occasions.




Moshe Koniuchowsky's article continues with aligning the Temple service with barley, wave sheaf.  He says the Temple must be standing to correctly observe this practice.  Observe:


No Standing Temple [Ibid]

We see that the Aviv barley is a non-factor and has been so for nearly 2,000 years, as long as all 12 tribes are not in the land! BUT even for those few Jews in the land, the Aviv barley is a non-factor, as long as THERE IS NO STANDING MORIAH TEMPLE! Assuming barley is a legitimate indicator of the New Year (Aviv 1), what Temple do the Kairites bring their barley to? The answer is none! Moreover, the true Temple in the heavens where Yahshua ministers before YHWH they have rejected, since He Himself is the first sheaf wave offering before the Father for born again believers. But since most Kairites reject Yahshua as Adonai, who according to First Corinthians/Corintyah Alef 15:20 is the “barley omer wave offering” for Renewed Covenant BELIEVERS, they and their followers have no Temple on earth, or in the heavens. If you are not in the land, or even if you are in the land, you don't have to worry about whether the barley is green, purple, yellow, or poke dotted!

The Aviv barley is a non-factor, as long as there is no current functioning Temple on earth. The barley will once again become a factor in the new millennial temple as described in Ezekiel chapters 40-48, especially with the reconvening of a new sitting Sanhedrin in Yisrael. But not before!

Why don’t we as believers trust in the validity of sacrificing bulls and goats today? Because there is no standing Temple. Yahshua has come as the eternal offering for sin, both intentional and unintentional. Why don’t we trust in Aviv barley sightings? Same reason! Yahshua became our “first omer barley offering” in the Temple made without man’s hands. Thus, if the barley is now necessary to guide us in declaring the month of Aviv, so must the bulls and goats be necessary to provide blood atonement today. Most Kairites have neither YHWH’s blood forgiveness by Yahshua and neither do they have Him as their barley wave offering; thus the overwhelming need to find earthly barley. Until the Temple is rebuilt, the barley is also irrelevant to the Karaites and those who factor the Aviv barley while in their exile.



I can tell Moshe is somewhat angry in this article. I do not altogether agree with everything said by either of these writers.  As Moshe has had dealings with the Karaites previously, I'll leave him to deal with them. 


Moshe, just in passing!  When was the Levitical Priesthood established?  Was Abib observed prior to the מִשְׁכָּן
 mish-kawn being built and established?  If everything is contingent upon temple service, who, or better yet, what is the temple today for true believers?

If Yahshua the Messiah was the temple of the living Elohim... Where does that put the temple service and the Levitical Priesthood today?  If Yahshua's sacrifice fulfilled the sacrificial system for our time, doesn't this negate the temple service?  Doesn't this negate wearing yarmulkes, prayer shawls, and all the trappings associated with temple service.  Only the High Priest the Kohen haGadol and the Levites that served in the Mishkan and temple wore head coverings.  If this service has been set aside...


What Prieshood are we true believers under?  Levitical or Melchezedek?  Shouldn't we be rightly dividing the word of truth?




How Yahshua Observed Passover

Keeping the feast of Passover marks the first appointed time in the Torah observant believer’s year. The Torah states very plainly in Deut. 16:1 when Passover is to be kept: “observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover unto Yahweh your Elohim: for in the month of Abib Yahweh your Elohim brought you forth out of Egypt by night”. According to this passage we must keep the feast of Passover in the month of Abib. To determine the exact date of this crucial month we must first come to an understanding what Abib is, and what is required.

The word Abib itself gives us the first clue in the time of year in which Passover was to be celebrated as stated in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament: “Abib. Barley. This noun refers to barley that is already ripe, but still soft, the grains of which are either rubbed or roasted” (Harris). The time of year in which Abib occurs is obviously during the first of ripe barley. Barley generally ripens in early spring, but there are many factors that determine the exact day that Abib will be ripe. Two of the primary factors that affect when this first month may begin are moisture and temperature. These factors are variables over which human beings have no control. Since man can not control the weather conditions, the start of the biblical year is not an exact science.

How was Abib kept during the time of Yahshua? To find the answer to how our savior/mentor would have kept this crucial month, we must look into the biblical record of priestly service at the Temple. The most important item that the Temple priests needed for Passover was ripe barley for the offering of the Omer. This offering is commanded in Leviticus 23:5-10. The offering was to begin when the Israelites harvested the first produce in the land. The priest was to make this offering on the day after the Shabbat (the regular weekly Sabbath) Lev. 23:11. This was an important issue to the Israelite during the time of the 2nd Temple. The day after the Sabbath when this first wave offering was presented began the counting of the Omer. This counting is crucial in calculating the second spring Holy Day of Shavuot (Pentecost-Lev. 23:15-16). During the 2nd Temple the priest would have had to wait for the green barley to appear. This would enable them to make the Omer offering. This witness demonstrates Israel’s dependence on the agricultural provision of Abba Yahweh.

The second witness of the way Yahshua would have observed the beginning of the biblical year comes from a historical study on Biblical chronology. The Sanhedrin closely watched the arrival of Abib. If the barley crop was not in a state ready for the wave offering the month was intercalated. This means the month of Adar II was added to the calendar, re-aligning the lunar year with the solar year. Unlike the present day traditional calculation for the reckoning of Adar II, the Sanhedrin reckoned it according to the signs of the seasons. This is documented in the Talmud where the author states: “in tractate Sanhedrin 11b letters are quoted which were sent out by Rabbi Simeon ben Gamaliel and Rabban Gamaliel II. Simeon, son of Gamaliel I and head of the Sanhedrin in the two decades before the destruction of the Temple, wrote as follows. ‘We beg to inform you that the doves are still tender and the lambs are still young, and the grain has not yet ripened. I have considered the matter and thought it advisable to add thirty days to the year” (Finegan 38). From this we can see, even from the Talmud Tractate Sanhedrin 11b, that during the time of Yahshua the presence of ripe grain was the determining factor used to calculate the first of the biblical months.

The third and final witness comes from Yahshua himself in Mark 4:27-29  "And he said, So is the kingdom of Yahweh, as if a man should cast seed upon the earth; and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should spring up and grow, he knows not how. The earth bears fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. But when the fruit is ripe, straightway he puts forth the sickle, because the harvest is come." (ASV)



What is believed by the Rabbinical authority today is posted below.


In the middle of the fourth century C.E., Hillel II set down scientific rules for the computation of the calendar based on the new moon sighting. This began the standardization of the Jewish calendar into what it is currently, without the need for eyewitnesses and the involvement of the Sanhedrin.


 For over a thousand years, the Hebrew calendar has been fixed by calculation. Today, the Hebrew calendar does not match what is determined by New Moon observation. Even thought the gap between the two calendars continues to increase, the Jewish people do not have the authority to alter the calendar until a new Sanhedrin (religious high court) is re-established. While sanctification of the month according to observation is not practiced today, it is important to carry out calculations and practice observing the New Moon in order to be ready for when the Sanhedrin is re-established. Likewise, there is increasing involvement in the Temple, red heifer, etc. Of course, we are not intending to change the current calendar (this is a task for an authorized Sanhedrin) but just to increase involvement in and embellish the Torah.


The Sanhedrin once again is being re-established in Israel.  Soon, the temple will be re-built and the Priesthood will start sacrificing animals leading up to the cessation of such sacrifices and the revelation of Anti-Messiahthe Man of Sin.




I will enclose an example of New Moon calculations.












January 2


January 3

11. Shevat

February 1


February 1

12. Adar I

March 3


March 3

13. Adar II

March 21


March 21

spring equinox

April 1


April 2

 1. Nisan (Abib)

May 1


May 1

 2. Iyar (Zif)

May 31


May 31

 3. Sivan

June 29

2040 (1849)

June 30

 4. Tammuz

July 29


July 29

 5. Av

August 27

1927 (1810)

August 28

 6. Elul

September 26


September 26

 7. Tishri (Ethanim)

October 25


October 25

 8. Heshvan (Bul)

November 24


November 24

 9. Kislev (Chisleu)

December 23


December 23

10. Tevet


Barley is closely associated with Abib.  The term barley is:


שְׂעֹרָה / שְׂעוֹר / שְׂעֹר / שְׂעוֹרָה
  se'ôrâh / se'ôr
 BDB Definition:
1) barley
1a) barley (of the plant)
1b) barley (of the meal or grain)
Part of Speech: noun feminine
 A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: from H8175 in the sense of roughness

Same Word by TWOT Number: 2274f

  34 Total KJV Occurrences: 
Ex 9:31 (2), Lev 27:16, Num 5:15, Deut 8:8, Judg 7:13, Ruth 1:22, Ruth 2:17, Ruth 2:23, Ruth 3:2, Ruth 3:15, Ruth 3:17, 2 Sam 14:30, 2 Sam 17:28, 2 Sam 21:9, 1 Kin 4:28, 2 Kin 4:42, 2 Kin 7:1, 2 Kin 7:16, 2 Kin 7:18, 1 Chr 11:13, 2 Chr 2:10, 2 Chr 2:15, 2 Chr 27:5, Job 31:40, Isa 28:25, Ezek 4:8-9 (2), Ezek 4:12, Ezek 13:19, Ezek 45:13, Hos 3:2 (2), Joel 1:11


And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years: and let them be for lights in the firmament of heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. Genesis 1:14


 He appointed the moon for seasons:
The sun knows his going down. Psalm 104:18

It shall be established for ever as the moon,
And as the faithful witness in the sky.
Selah Psalm 89:37

|31| And the flax and the barley was struck; for the barley was ripe, and the flax was in bud.
|32| But the wheat and the spelt were not struck; for they were not yet come up. |33| And Moshe went out of the Ir (city)  Exodus 9:31-32 THE ORTHODOX JEWISH BIBLE


This now leaves us with the question?  What are the Passover and Unleavened Bread dates for 2005?  I will post some dates below and then you can decide which one you will keep.




Passover Date - Dates of Passover - Pesach Date - Dates of Pesach

When is the date of Passover in 2005?
Passover in 2005 will commence at sundown on Saturday evening April 23rd, 2005 and will last eight days (seven days for most Reform Jews, some Conservative Jews, and Jews in Israel), concluding on Sunday evening May 1st, 2005, or in the Hebrew calendar, from 15 Nissan 5765 to 22 Nissan 5765. In fact, in the Hebrew calendar, Passover always occurs on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nissan and ends on the 22nd day of Nissan.

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Jewish Holiday Dates
Gregorian 2004/2011 or Hebrew 5764/5771
All holidays begin at sundown of the preceding day
and end at nightfall of the final day of observance.

Passover (Pesach)
April 06, 2004 (15th of Nisan, 5764)
April 24, 2005 (15th of Nisan, 5765)
April 13, 2006 (15th of Nisan, 5766)
April 03, 2007 (15th of Nisan, 5767)
April 20, 2008 (15th of Nisan, 5768)
April 09, 2009 (15th of Nisan, 5769)
March 30, 2010 (15th of Nisan, 5770)
April 19, 2011 (15th of Nisan, 5771)



Holidays and Observances
Jan 25 Shevat 15 Tu B’Shevat (Arbor Day)
Mar 24 Adar II 13 Ta'anit Esther (Fast of Esther)
Mar 25 Adar II 14 Purim (Deliverance of the Jews)
Mar 26 Adar II 15 Shushan Purim
Apr 24 Nisan 15 Pesach I (First day of Passover)
Apr 25 Nisan 16 Pesach II (Passover)
Apr 26 Nisan 17 Pesach III (Passover)
Apr 27 Nisan 18 Pesach IV (Passover)
Apr 28 Nisan 19 Pesach V (Passover)
Apr 29 Nisan 20 Pesach VI (Passover)
Apr 30 Nisan 21 Pesach VII (Last day of Passover)
May 6 Nisan 27 Yom HaShoah (Holocaust memorial)
May 11 Iyar 2 Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day)
May 12 Iyar 3 Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day)
May 27 Iyar 18 Lag B'Omer
Jun 6 Iyar 28 Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day)
Jun 13 Sivan 6 Shavuot (Pentecost)
Jul 24 Tammuz 17 Fast of Shiva Asar B'Tammuz
Aug 14 Av 9 Tisha B'Av
Oct 4 Tishri 1 Rosh Hashana (New Year)
Oct 5 Tishri 2 Rosh Hashana II (New Year day 2)
Oct 6 Tishri 3 Tzom Gedaliah
Oct 13 Tishri 10 Yom Kippur
Oct 18 Tishri 15 Sukkot I
Oct 19 Tishri 16 Sukkot II
Oct 20 Tishri 17 Sukkot III
Oct 21 Tishri 18 Sukkot IV
Oct 22 Tishri 19 Sukkot V
Oct 23 Tishri 20 Sukkot VI
Oct 24 Tishri 21 Sukkot VII/Hoshanah Rabah
Oct 25 Tishri 22 Shmini Atzeret/Simchat Torah
Dec 26 Kislev 25 Chanukah I (Holiday of lights)
Dec 27 Kislev 26 Chanukah II
Dec 28 Kislev 27 Chanukah III
Dec 29 Kislev 28 Chanukah IV
Dec 30 Kislev 29 Chanukah V
Dec 31 Kislev 30 Chanukah VI/Rosh Chodesh Tevet



It has been reported by some within the Land of Israel that the barley is ripe in the Land. Those individuals are saying that this factor alone mandates that we change the time of the celebration of Passover to this month.
This is an important issue for all who wish to celebrate Passover at the appropriate time. The Passover celebration is scheduled for April 23 of this year. Since it appears that the barley is ripe in Israel, should we change our time for the celebration of Passover to later this month – the month of March?

2005 Aviv-Nisan Moadim/Feasts
Aviv 1 Apr. 9 Rosh Chodesh Aviv sundown
Aviv 14 Apr. 23 Pesach/Passover Sundown
Aviv 15 Apr. 24 First Day Unleavened Bread
Aviv 16 Apr. 25 Bikkurim/Firstfruits Omer Count Begins
Aviv 21 Last Day Chag Matzoth/Unleavened Bread April 29 sundown
Sivan 3rd month Shavuot/Feast of Weeks-June 12 sundown

Rabbi Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky


(Where do I get this information?  Many things are forwarded directly to me from people that think I might have an interest in these kind of items.  Yes I do, and thank you for sending them. A.N. Hawke)


Yours in Yahshua, Hawke



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